There are three activities related to the three main kitchen accessories, that is, fridge, washing sink and stove. Their connection forms a work triangle. With careful location and placement of these accessories, excess movement and harmful postures can be avoided, minimizing daily fatigue in a kitchen. At the top of the triangle, is the washing sink, and the fridge and stove take the left and right points of the bottom in order.
According to the standards (environment department, 1972), the minimum perimeter of the trainable is 6.3 and the maximum is 6.6 meters, with the distance between the sink and stove determined as 1.8 to 2.1 meters. According to the work triangle and accessory arrangement, the kitchen plan can be designed in multiple forms:
In this design, the work triangle is naturally formed. Work spaces are seamlessly created on the two adjacent walls. The work space needed on the sides of the stove and sink is easily created. Among the other advantages of the design is its proper connection and integration of the kitchen with other spaces. An L-shaped counter in the form of an island can be placed in front of the cabinets to give continuity to the central space. It’s better if the stove is placed on one side, with the sink and fridge taking place in the other side.
This is the simplest arrangement for the use of all accessories. This model offers the maximum work plane with the most number of cabinets and closets, easing access to the shelves and cabinets. If the stove is placed at the top of the U form, it reduces commuting in the kitchen area.
Ideal for small kitchens, the work triangle here is more of a line than a triangle. Elements are arranged in line with one another in the order of function: fridge, sink and stove.
The parallel design creates a sufficiently large space. Work areas are arranged on the sides in parallel, creating a small work triangle.
If the kitchen is large, island-form cabinets can be utilized. In this design, contrary to the U form kitchens, the work area is the least, requiring more commuting for access to different accessories. Adding extra variety to the kitchen is one of the advantages of this design, by creating a different, non-monotonous space easily integrated with other home spaces.